The Book Nobody Can Translate | Voynich Manuscript
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The Voynich Manuscript is one of the most mysterious books ever written. It’s the book that nobody has been able to translate.
If you’ve ever picked up a book, and found it’s full of surreal plants, unknown diagrams, zodiac rings, and a language which is completely undecipherable, you’re likely looking at a copy of the Voynich manuscript: the book that nobody can translate.
This medieval text, which has been dated to the early 15th century, is one of the most mysterious books ever written, as even after hundreds of years, no one has been able to definitively decode it…
So for this entry into the archive, we’ll take a look at this bizarre book, and see what we can learn about its history and possible meaning.
0:00 The Untranslatable Book
1:06 The Artwork
2:33 The Writing
3:35 The Author
4:39 Another Possibility…
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What To Do When Your Manuscript Got Rejected – Làm gì khi paper bị reject?
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The Voynich Manuscript Decoded and Solved?
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Today we take a deep dive into the History and Theories surrounding the Voynich Manuscript, history’s most mysterious book. Over 600 years and many dozens of owners the contents of the book have never been translated. In the past few decades the book has gained a level of notoriety almost unheard of in it’s field making it one of history’s most famous unsolved mysteries.
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What could the contents of the book contain? Is it some form of medieval herbal recipe book, a medical journal, or perhaps something all the more sinister.
The Voynich manuscript has been studied by many professional and amateur cryptographers, including American and British codebreakers from both World War I and World War II. The manuscript has never been demonstrably deciphered, and the mystery of its meaning and origin has excited the popular imagination, making it the subject of novels and speculation and the basis for a number of Conspiracy Theories. None of the many hypotheses proposed over the last hundred years have been independently verified. In 1969, the Voynich manuscript was donated by Hans P. Kraus to Yale University’s Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
If you have your own theories surrounding the manuscript feel free to drop them in the comments below, let’s start a discussion!
How to Review a Manuscript
Learn how to write a peer review. This video guides peer reviewers through the process of reviewing a scientific manuscript and writing a peer review.
We’re going to walk you through three main elements of peer review:
being invited to review a manuscript
reading the manuscript, and
writing the peer review
Read more at the PLOS Reviewer Center (http://reviewers.plos.org)
==When you’re invited to review==
First, let’s talk about what to do when you’re invited to review a manuscript.
When you get an invitation, ask yourself three simple questions to help you decide whether to accept or decline:
Do you have the right expertise to comment on the manuscript?
Do you have enough time to do the review by the deadline?
Can you provide an objective review and are you free of any competing interests?
You should only consider accepting the invitation if you can answer yes to all of these questions.
==When you read a manuscript==
It’s a good idea to read the whole manuscript first. Then read through it again and focus on specific sections. Take lots of notes as you go and mark down specific sections and page numbers so you can keep track of the points you want to discuss.
The first thing you should do is figure out what the manuscript is about. Do the authors identify the main question and key claims? These should be clearly stated in the introduction. The authors should also discuss related research and explain how the study fits into that context.
Then look at the figures and tables along with the results. Do the results line up with what’s being shown?
Make sure you also pay attention to the methods and study design. Are the methods appropriate? Does the study follow relevant reporting guidelines and meet ethical standards?
Then read the conclusions: Are they supported by the data and results?
==When you write the review==
When you’re ready to start writing, find out how the review needs to be formatted and submitted. Some journals might have a structured form with specific questions to respond to.
You should also find out if you will need to recommend a decision, like minor or major revision. This information might be in your invitation letter, in the reviewer guidelines, or in the online system.
Follow an outline to keep your comments organized and easy to read. Think about it like an upsidedown triangle, with the key message at the top followed by evidence and examples, then additional details at the very bottom.
Start off by summarizing the research in your own words and stating your overall impression.
Then use the middle section to provide detail on what the authors need to do to improve the manuscript. Divide this section into major issues and minor issues.
Major issues are the essential things the authors must address before the manuscript is considered further. Make sure you focus on what is fundamental for the current study. In other words, it’s not helpful to recommend additional work that would be considered the “next step” in the study.
Minor issues are still important but are smaller in scope and don’t affect the overall conclusions. Use this section to mention things like including additional references, clarifying the language, or adding more context.
Finally, add any confidential comments to share privately with the journal editors. This is where you might state if you have any competing interests. You can also raise concerns about ethics or misconduct, though in these cases it’s a good idea to get in touch with the journal staff directly as well.
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The world’s most mysterious book – Stephen Bax
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/theworldsmostmysteriousbookstephenbax
Deep inside Yale’s Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library lies a 240 page tome. Recently carbon dated to around 1420, its pages feature looping handwriting and hand drawn images seemingly stolen from a dream. It is called the Voynich manuscript, and it’s one of history’s biggest unsolved mysteries. The reason why? No one can figure out what it says. Stephen Bax investigates this cryptic work.
Lesson by Stephen Bax, animation by TEDEd.
5 Types of Manuscript for Journal Publication | Springer Nature | iLovePhD
Scientific journals publish different types of manuscripts based on the scope and requirements of the journal.
Most of the articles published by journals are Original Research articles, Review papers, Short Reports or Letters, Case Studies, Methodologies.
0:48 What is Research Article?
1:12 What is Review Article?
1:50 What is Short Communication?
2:38 What is Case Study?
3:04 What is Method Paper?
In this video, we are going to see the five different types of manuscripts that Journal publications usually accept to publish.
5 Types of Manuscripts Journal Publications | iLovePhD
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The first play of Manuscript I.33
One of the oldest and most enigmatic treasures in the Royal Armouries archives is the Royal Armouries I.33 manuscript, a surviving example of a Fechtbuch, or Fight Book.
In this video series, we present some of our thoughts and interpretations around the plays in i.33, we hope you enjoy.
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The Royal Armouries is the United Kingdom’s national collection of arms and armour. On this channel, discover what goes on behind the scenes at the museum and to see our collection come to life. From combat demonstrations to jousting coverage to behind the scenes tours with our curators, we’ve got it covered.
Have a question about arms and armour? Feel free to leave us a comment and we’ll do our best to answer it.
How to Submit Your Research Paper to the JAMA Network
Ever wonder what happens to your manuscript after you submit it? From manuscript submission and peer review to all the ways we improve and promote your accepted article, here’s an inside look at the JAMA Network journal’s editorial process.
Submit your manuscript at https://JAMANetwork.com/
Following the best standards of editorial excellence and innovation, JAMA, JAMA Network Open, and the JAMA Network specialty journals offer enhanced access to the research, reviews, and opinions shaping medicine today and into the future.
U.S. NAVY ADVANCED TYPING DUPLICATING AND MANUSCRIPT TYPEWRITER INSTRUCTIONAL FILM 58184
This 194? black and white US Navy Training Film MN1512d Advanced Typing – Duplicating and Manuscript provides the basics for using a typewriter to prepare masters for duplication. Various typewriters are shown in use. A female Navy instructor explains how to make a master for duplicating machines. This includes placing the sheet inside the CopiRite stencil holder, shifting the ribbon indicator to the stencil position, inserting it into the typewriter, and adjusting the paper bail rollers. A burnisher and correction fluid are used to fix errors. The finished copy is proofread on an illuminated drawing board. A ruler is used to draw boxes around text (:424:35). A Ditto hectograph ribbon is pulled from a drawer. A 1940s Remington Rand typewriter is used. Errors are corrected with a special hectograph wax pencil, shown in many colors (4:367:10). An IBM Electromatic International typewriter uses a carbon paper ribbon (7:118:00). Stains from hectogram ribbon are cleaned using Autocopy Cleansing Cream (8:09). For the photographic offset process, special paper or a thin metal sheet is used on the IBM Electromatic carbon ribbon machine (8:209:15). A comparison between regular typewriter margins and the Underwood Justifying typewriter is shown. Copy is shown on the Electromatic Proportional Spacing Machine (9:169:29). The Varityper (Varitype) Composing machine is used for hectograph, mimeograph, and offset duplicating. A closeup is shown of the interchangeable type plates. A plate is changed to smaller print on the next line (9:3010:25). Type is explained. Shown up close and verified with a ruler is Pica 10 pitch and Elite 12, 14, 16 and 18pitch. A sheet of Type Styles with typed examples is shown. Pica is measured with a ruler down the side. Examples of how many lines to the inch are shown (10:4612:45). Paper is slightly fanned. A ruler is used to make 3” up from the bottom of the page to leave room for footnotes (12:5813:40). Poorly spaced and carefully spaced copies are shown (13:4814:26). For nonstandard characters, a degree symbol uses the platter rolled back and a small o. A division sign uses a dash backspaced over with a colon. A Sterling is a L with a small f backspaced over top of it. An exclamation point is an apostrophe and a backspaced period added (14:2716:42). Copy is marked up with proofreader marks, which are explained in detail (16:4219:40). How to center copy using the margins on the carriage and backspacing to count letter is shown on an IBM International typewriter (19:4224:27). Paper is put into a Royal typewriter (25:05).
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Honest Review of the Manuscript Callicreative Duo Tip Markers (What's That Pen?)
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