How to Talk About Illness and Medicine in English | doctor of medicine là gì

How to Talk About Illness and Medicine in English

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In this lesson, you can learn how to talk about illness, medicine and healthcare in English.

You’ll learn how to deal with a visit to the doctor’s office in English, how to talk about different healthcare systems, how to talk about going to hospital in English, and more. Want more practice with your English speaking? Choose one of our certified English teachers to help you in online speaking lessons:

See the full version of this lesson on our website:

1. At the Doctor’s Office 0:48
2. Prescribing Medicine and Giving Advice 3:26
3. How Healthcare Systems Work 6:43
4. In Hospital 10:26
5. Talking About Recovery 13:13

This lesson will help you:
Understand how you can communicate with a doctor in English if you have to go to the doctor’s office.
Get useful phrases and vocabulary to talk about medicine in English.
Learn how healthcare systems work in Englishspeaking countries like the UK and US.
See what kinds of English phrases for the hospital you can use to communicate if you have to stay at a hospital in an Englishspeaking country.
Talk about recovery after an injury or illness in English with helpful vocabulary.
See example conversations people might have when talking about illness and medicine in English.

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How to Talk About Illness and Medicine in English

How does your body process medicine? – Céline Valéry

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Have you ever wondered what happens to a painkiller, like ibuprofen, after you swallow it? Medicine that slides down your throat can help treat a headache, a sore back, or a throbbing sprained ankle. But how does it get where it needs to go in the first place? Céline Valéry explains how your body processes medicine.

Lesson by Céline Valéry, animation by Daniel Gray.

How does your body process medicine? - Céline Valéry

A day in the life of an ancient Egyptian doctor – Elizabeth Cox

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It’s another sweltering morning in Memphis, Egypt. As the sunlight brightens the Nile, Peseshet checks her supplies. Honey, garlic, cumin, acacia leaves, cedar oil she’s well stocked with the essentials she needs to treat her patients. Elizabeth Cox outlines a day in the life of an ancient Egyptian doctor.

Lesson by Elizabeth Cox, animation by Echo Bridge.

Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Benjamin & Shannon Pinder, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, Sage Curie, Exal Enrique Cisneros Tuch, Ana Maria, Vignan Velivela, Ibel Wong, Ahmad Hyari, eden sher, Travis Wehrman, Louisa Lee, Kiara Taylor, Hoang Viet, Nathan A. Wright, Jast3r, Аркадий Скайуокер, Milad Mostafavi, Rob Johnson, Ashley Maldonado, Clarence E. Harper Jr., Bojana Golubovic, Mihail Radu Pantilimon, Benedict Chuah, Karthik Cherala, haventfiguredout , Violeta Cervantes, Elaine Fitzpatrick, Lynz Schulte, cnorahs, Henrique ‘Sorín’ Cassús, Tim Robinson, Jun Cai, Paul Schneider, Amber Wood, Ophelia Gibson Best, Cas Jamieson, Michelle StevensStanford, Phyllis Dubrow, Andreas Voltios, and Eunsun Kim.

A day in the life of an ancient Egyptian doctor - Elizabeth Cox

The power of the placebo effect – Emma Bryce

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The placebo effect is an unexplained phenomenon wherein drugs, treatments, and therapies that aren’t supposed to have an effect — and are often fake — miraculously make people feel better. What’s going on? Emma Bryce dives into the mystery of placebos’ bizarre benefits.

Lesson by Emma Bryce, animation by Globizco.

The power of the placebo effect - Emma Bryce

What's it really like to study medicine at UQ?

Get a personal perspective from Rosie, a current medical student, and Dr Stuart Carney, a UQ academic.

0:00 What’s it really like to study medicine at UQ?
0:11 What are some of the coolest jobs that UQ’s medicine alumni are now doing?
0:50 What’s been the most unexpected thing you’ve been happy to discover at UQ?
1:24 at what stage in the MD program do your students get clinical or hands on experience?
1:50 What does a day in the life of a Med student look like?
2:34 How do you prepare students for the future when we don’t know what the future looks like?
3:04 How does the way you learn at UQ teach you the skills you need to face an unknown future?
3:47 What makes a successful Med student and are they the same things that make a successful doctor?
4:52 What is the most interesting thing you’ve learned that has not been part of your coursework?
6:03 If you could give me one piece of advice that would set me apart as a job candidate, what would it be?

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What's it really like to study medicine at UQ?

Sleep is your superpower | Matt Walker

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Sleep is your lifesupport system and Mother Nature’s best effort yet at immortality, says sleep scientist Matt Walker. In this deep dive into the science of slumber, Walker shares the wonderfully good things that happen when you get sleep and the alarmingly bad things that happen when you don’t, for both your brain and body. Learn more about sleep’s impact on your learning, memory, immune system and even your genetic code as well as some helpful tips for getting some shuteye.

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. You’re welcome to link to or embed these videos, forward them to others and share these ideas with people you know.

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Sleep is your superpower | Matt Walker

How sugar affects the brain – Nicole Avena

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When you eat something loaded with sugar, your taste buds, your gut and your brain all take notice. This activation of your reward system is not unlike how bodies process addictive substances such as alcohol or nicotine an overload of sugar spikes dopamine levels and leaves you craving more. Nicole Avena explains why sweets and treats should be enjoyed in moderation.

Lesson by Nicole Avena, animation by STK Films.

How sugar affects the brain - Nicole Avena

Delta Variant COVID – How Will It Impact America?

Delta Variant COVID – How Will It Impact America?

Delta Variant of COVID, or B.1.617.2, will soon be the dominant COVID strain in the United States. What does it mean for those who got the COVID vaccine? What does it mean for those who did not get the COVID vaccine?

Timestamps ⏩
00:00 Intro
00:42 Are the Vaccines Effective against Covid delta variant?
01:30 What about those who are unvaccinated?
02:00 Delta Variant will soon be Dominant in the US?
03:33 What are the Models Predicting?
04:10 Risk of mRNA Covid Vaccines? (Pfizer and Moderna)

Doctor Mike Hansen’s Programs ⏩

Are The Vaccines Effective?
The UK is a world leader in genomic surveillance and couple that with lots of COVID cases, they were able to do some great analytics in their studies. Thankfully, studies show that the COVID vaccines, the Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines in the UK, remain effective against the delta variant. As long as people had both shots.

So far, we don’t have data on the J&J and Moderna vaccines, but we should get the data soon. Presumably, the Moderna vaccine will have similar efficacy as Pfizer since they are very similar mRNA vaccines and have similar efficacy against COVID in general. Hopefully, the J&J vaccine will have the same efficacy against the delta variant.

What about those who are unvaccinated?
Their risk depends on many factors. You still have the usual risk factors for COVID. Older age. Male. Type A blood. High blood pressure. Obesity. Diabetes. Heart disease. But how does that risk change based on previous COVID strains compared to the delta variant? Based on the limited data so far, this risk is only going up.

Delta variant is 60% more transmissible than the alpha variant.
Delta variant COVID cases are doubling every 11 days in the UK. In the US, it’s soaring in the Midwest and southeast. There is a company in California called Helix, and they are conducting nationwide genomic sampling. They found that the proportion of cases caused by Alpha fell from more than 70% in late April to around 42% as of midJune, with the rise of Delta driving much of the shift.

So far, data from Helix suggest that the Delta variant is spreading faster in US counties where less than 30% of residents have been fully vaccinated, compared to higher vaccinated counties. If you look at the country as a whole, the delta variant made up 10% of COVID cases, and as of the recording of this video, it is already 21%. The numbers doubled about every 2 weeks, so it will likely become the dominant strain in a few weeks.

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According to the CDC, as of June 23, twothirds of the adult population in the US has received at least one dose of a Covid vaccine; based on recent polls, 20% of American adults say they won’t get vaccinated. The proportion is higher in certain groups like younger age, those who live in rural areas, and White evangelical Christians.

What The Models Are Predicting
The most recent models based on the Delta variant being 60% more transmissible along with a predicted 75% of eligible Americans becoming vaccinated means that we’re probably looking at on average 2,000+ deaths per week during the fall and winter. Then you combine that with kids less than 12 who can’t get the vaccine, at least not yet, who will be back in school at that time, and that’s a bad outlook. But based on the model, if 86% of eligible Americans are vaccinated – that might avert over 10,000 deaths by the time you hit December.

Risk of mRNA COVID Vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna)
When we talk about risks with the mRNA vaccines, Pfizer and Moderna, we know they can cause some side effects in the first 2 days. That’s the immune system at work for you. And there is a minimal risk of allergic reactions, which are rarely serious. But what about myocarditis, meaning inflammation of the heart muscle? Or pericarditis, inflammation of the sac that covers the heart? Myocarditis and Pericarditis often go together. I dedicated a whole video to this topic, which will be posted on June 25th.

Doctor Recommended ⏩
COVID PCR test 👉
Masks 👉
Measure your Oxygen 👉
Measure your Temperature 👉
Measure your Blood Pressure 👉
Measure your Weight 👉
To help with Sleep 👉
Vitamin D 👉

Doctor Mike Hansen, MD
Internal Medicine | Pulmonary Disease | Critical Care Medicine

covid deltavariant covidvariant

Delta Variant COVID – How Will It Impact America?

The Mystery of COVID TONGUE Explained

What is the COVID tongue?
COVID seems to be causing some people to have an extremely large tongue, called macroglossia.

Macroglossia is relatively rare but not unheard of. Certain chronic conditions can cause it, like amyloidosis. But it can also be caused by different types of angioedema. Angioedema is an area of swelling (edema) of the lower layer of skin and tissue under the skin or mucous membranes.

Mentioned Video:
How COVID Kills Some People But Not Others:

There is something called hereditary angioedema that occurs at a younger age. Then there’s something called acquired C1 inhibitor deficiency, usually at an older age. And there is also the wellknown ACE inhibitorinduced angioedema. ACE inhibitor medications are most commonly given for patients with high blood pressure.

Doctor Mike Hansen’s Programs ⏩

Over the last year or so, there has been a cluster of these macroglossia cases in Texas. Dr. James Melville has seen 9 of these cases in that timeframe because he gets these patients referred to him to surgically reduce the size of their tongue. I don’t know all the details in these cases, but based on the media report, this is what we know:
In all 9 cases, they were intubated. In 2 cases, they suffered strokes. In the other 7, they were hospitalized with COVID.

Understanding what is going on here helps to better understand a known medical condition called ACEiinduced angioedema. Angiotensinconverting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the leading cause of druginduced angioedema in the United States because they are widely prescribed. Examples of these meds include lisinopril, captopril, ramipril, enalapril, and the like. So basically, if it ends in “pril,” it’s an ACE inhibitor.

When angioedema occurs due to these medications, it most commonly causes swelling of the lips, tongue, or face. Hives, meaning urticaria, are notably absent. ACE inhibitorinduced angioedema occurs in 0.1 to 0.7% of those who receive these medications and is five times more likely to occur in African descent.

The swelling usually develops over minutes to hours, peaks, and then resolves over 24 to 72 hours, although complete resolution may take days in some cases. Swelling occurs due to elevated levels of bradykinin, a substance called desArg9BK, and a substance called substance P. These substances cause the blood vessels to dilate, leading to swelling. When the body doesn’t break these down quick enough, you get the swelling.

When someone is taking an ACEI, the risk of this happening is slightly higher. So is it possible that these patients were given an ACEI? Yes, it’s possible. Especially the ones who had strokes, because usually stroke patients have elevated blood pressures. But it’s also possible that this was covid related.

For the two people who were not covid cases, maybe they had covid, and they didn’t know it. Maybe they had a false negative test because they were tested outside the window for the PCR test. So we just don’t know. But we know that 7 out of the 9 did have COVID.

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And COVID binds to ACE2 receptors. And the tongue is lined with ACE2 receptors. And when the virus binds to the receptor, we know that it alters this pathway, affecting bradykinin levels. This is something I talked a lot about in this video…

Why are some people more prone to this? Again, it comes down to genetics. There are various genetic polymorphisms in certain enzymes called aminopeptidase P and neutral endopeptidase, which occur at a greater rate in African Americans. These polymorphisms lead to lower circulating enzymes responsible for degrading bradykinin and its active metabolite (desArg9BK).

And it makes sense that the SARSCoV2 virus triggers this same mechanism. So COVID tongue looks like one more thing to add to the list of strange things that come with the disease. And one more reason to get the vaccine.

Doctor Mike Hansen, MD
Internal Medicine | Pulmonary Disease | Critical Care Medicine
Doctor Hansen’s Courses:
Contact and Social Media Links:

covid covid19 covidtongue

The Mystery of COVID TONGUE Explained

13 Year Old Boy Dies 3 Days After COVID Vaccine | Vaccine Side Effect

13YearOld Boy Dies 3 Days After COVID Vaccine | Vaccine Side Effect

A 13yearold boy in Michigan recently died 3 days after getting the COVID vaccine; it was the Pfizer vaccine. The cause of death is being investigated by the CDC. According to the patient’s Aunt on Twitter, the preliminary autopsy report showed fluid around his heart. What caused his death? Before I tell you my thoughts on that, it first helps to background on what myocarditis is. Inflammation of the heart. And pericarditis, inflammation of the pericardial sac. Sometimes pericarditis can cause fluid to buildup within the sac, and this is called a pericardial effusion. The first reports of myocarditis after COVID mRNA vaccination involved (US) military patients and patients from Israel4,5.

The Israeli cohort identified a male predominance with an incidence of 1/20,000 (men aged 18 to 30 years old). We know that the COVID vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna can cause it. But actual COVID infection is a much more common cause. The CDC has received 1,226 preliminary reports of myocarditis and pericarditis following about 300 million total doses of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. Myocarditis is most common between age 12 and 30 and more common in boys. Among people 12 and older, there were 267 reports of heart inflammation after one dose of vaccine, 827 after the second dose, and 132 after an unknown dose. So overall, the number of cases of myocarditis related to the COVID mRNA vaccines is very low. And for those who do get it, it’s usually a small amount of heart inflammation that lasts for a week or so, requiring minimal treatment.

In fact, myocarditis is way more common from COVID; the risks to the heart from infection can be more severe. Take a look at this ultrasound of the heart, aka echocardiogram, of a young patient with COVID myocarditis…that is a poorly pumping heart. This is why the CDC still recommends vaccination for those 12 and older. Now, 3 recent studies came out that looked at specific cases of myocarditis that developed after getting the COVID mRNA vaccines, Pfizer and Moderna. In the first study, in the journal Pediatrics, they reported 7 cases of myocarditis from the Pfizer vaccine.

All the patients were 7 otherwise healthy male teenagers. All of them tested negative for COVID. None of the patients met the criteria for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MISC). All had an elevated troponin level. Troponin is a protein in heart muscle cells. Whenever there is heart tissue damage, as occurs with a heart attack, or inflammation of the heart, troponin is leaked into the bloodstream. The higher the troponin, the more heart tissue damage. An echocardiogram, which is great for looking at how the heart functions, was normal in all but one patient. Cardiac MRI, which is especially great for looking at the detailed structure of the heart, especially when looking for heart inflammation, showed myocarditis in all the patients.

This study had 8 patients hospitalized with chest pain within 24 days of receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. All of them were otherwise healthy males between the ages of 21 and 56. All but one patient developed symptoms after their second dose. Most had chest pain with a day or 2 of the vaccine. All had elevated troponin levels and myocarditis on MRI. Two of them had a slight reduction in their heart function. One of them had a heart biopsy done, and the pathology results did not show any abnormality. All patients had resolution of their chest pain and were discharged from the hospital in stable condition.

Doctor Mike Hansen, MD
Internal Medicine | Pulmonary Disease | Critical Care Medicine
Doctor Hansen’s Courses:
Contact and Social Media Links:

covidvaccine vaccine covid19vaccine

13 Year Old Boy Dies 3 Days After COVID Vaccine | Vaccine Side Effect

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